2.1 Presence of a Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers in an Athlete's Sample

It is each Athlete's personal duty to ensure that no Prohibited Substance enters his or her body.
Athletes are responsible for any Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers found to be present in their Samples. Accordingly, it is not necessary that intent, fault, negligence or knowing Use on the Athlete's part be demonstrated in order to establish an anti-doping violation under Article 2.1.

2.2 Use or attempted use by an athlete of a prohibited substance or a prohibited method

It is each Athlete's personal duty to ensure that no Prohibited Substance enters his or her body.
Accordingly, it is not necessary that intent, fault, negligence or knowing Use on the Athlete's part be demonstrated in order to establish an anti-doping rule violation for Use of a Prohibited Substance or a Prohibited Method.
The success or failure of the Use or Attempted Use of a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method is not material. It is sufficient that the Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method was Used or Attempted to be Used for an anti-doping rule violation to be committed.

2.3 Evading, refusing or failing to submit to sample collection

2.4 Whereabouts failures

2.5 Tampering or attempted tampering with any part of doping control

2.6 Possession of a prohibited substance or a prohibited method

2.7 Trafficking or attempted trafficking in any prohibited substance or method

2.8 Administration or attempted administration to any athlete in-competition of any prohibited method or prohibited substance, or administration or attempted administration to any athlete out-of-competition of any prohibited method or any prohibited substance that is prohibited out-of-competition

2.9 Complicity in an anti-doping rule violation

2.10 Prohibited association

10.12.3 Violation of the Prohibition of Participation during Ineligibility

Where an Athlete or other Person who has been declared Ineligible violates the prohibition against participation during Ineligibility described in Article 10.12.1, the results of such participation shall be Disqualified and a new period of Ineligibility equal in length to the original period of Ineligibility shall be added to the end of the original period of Ineligibility. The new period of Ineligibility may be adjusted based on the Athlete or other Person’s degree of Fault and other circumstances of the case.
The determination of whether an Athlete or other Person has violated the prohibition against participation, and whether an adjustment is appropriate, shall
be made by the Anti-Doping Organization whose results management led to the imposition of the initial period of Ineligibility. This decision may be appealed under Article 13.
Where an Athlete Support Person or other Person assists a Person in violating the prohibition against participation during Ineligibility, an Anti-Doping Organization with jurisdiction over such Athlete Support Person or other Person
shall impose sanctions for a violation of Article 2.9 for such assistance.