Salazar and Dr. Brown sanctioned for four yearsOctober 03, 2019
Colorado Springs, Colo. (September 30, 2019) – USADA announced today that two independent three-member panels of the American Arbitration Association (AAA) rendered their decisions in the cases of Alberto Salazar and Dr. Jeffrey Brown, determining that each should receive a 4-year sanction for orchestrating and facilitating prohibited doping conduct while acting, respectively, as head coach of the Nike Oregon Project (NOP) and as a paid consultant for the NOP on performance enhancement and as physician for numerous athletes in the NOP.
"The athletes in these cases found the courage to speak out and ultimately exposed the truth,” said USADA Chief Executive Officer Travis T. Tygart. “While acting in connection with the Nike Oregon Project, Mr. Salazar and Dr. Brown demonstrated that winning was more important than the health and wellbeing of the athletes they were sworn to protect."
Following two evidentiary hearings, Salazar’s lasting seven days and Brown’s lasting six days, and a lengthy post-hearing review of all the evidence and testimony, the AAA panel found that Salazar and Brown possessed and trafficked a banned performance-enhancing substance and administered or attempted to administer a prohibited method to multiple track and field athletes. The panel also found that both athlete support personnel committed tampering and complicity violations under Articles 2.5 and 2.9 of the World Anti-Doping Code.
The panel determined that Salazar committed the following violations of the Code:
Administration of a Prohibited Method (with respect to an infusion in excess of the applicable limit),
Tampering and/or attempted tampering with NOP athletes’ doping control process, and
Trafficking and/or Attempted Trafficking of testosterone.
The panel determined that Brown violated anti-doping rules by:
Tampering with L-carnitine records under WADA (World Anti-Doping Agency) Code Art. 2.5 (2009 & 2015), which carries a sanction of 2 years WADA Code Art. 10.3.1 (2009), and 4 years under WADA Code Art. 10.3.1 (2015).
Administration of an over-limit L-carnitine infusion under WADA Code Art. 2.8 (2009 & 2015), which carries a minimum sanction of 4 years up to a maximum lifetime ban under WADA Code Art. 10.3.2 (2009) and WADA Code Art. 10.3.3 (2015).
Complicity in Salazar’s trafficking of testosterone under WADA Code Art. 2.8 (2009) and WADA Code Art. 2.9 (2015). Under WADA Code Art. 10.3.2 (2009), a complicity violation carries a minimum sanction of 4 years up to a maximum lifetime ban. Under WADA Code Art. 10.3.4 (2015), a complicity violation carries a sanction of 2 to 4 years.
Testosterone is a Non-Specified substance in the class of Anabolic Agents and prohibited at all times under the USADA Protocol for Olympic and Paralympic Movement Testing, the United States Olympic and Paralympic Committee National Anti-Doping Policies, and the International Association of Athletics Federations Anti-Doping Rules, all of which have adopted the Code and the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) Prohibited List. Intravenous infusions of any substance in excess of the limits, regardless of whether the substance is prohibited, is a prohibited method under the rules.
5,780 pages of transcripts
USADA’s investigation yielded a wide range of evidence referenced in the hearing, including eye-witness proof, testimonies, contemporaneous emails, and patient records. Between the two cases, USADA relied on more than 2,000 exhibits, which the AAA heard along with the defendants’ cases. In all, the proceedings included 30 witnesses and 5,780 pages of transcripts.
IAAF deactivated accreditation
IAAF reports they have been requested by the USATF to deactivate the coach accreditation to the IAAF World Championship. The IAAF can confirm that Mr Alberto Salazar’s IAAF World Championships accreditation has been deactivated.
Global Athlete respons
The Global Athlete Start-Up Group would like to congratulate the athletes for their strength and bravery for coming forward to expose doping practices of Alberto Salazar and Dr. Jeffery Brown at the Nike Oregon Project.
The Brown and Salazar case proves that when athletes are brave and speak up, and more importantly speak up to trusted authorities, they can make a difference to clean sport and make a difference for better sport that we all want to see. We would like to commend those brave athletes that stuck to their principles to report wrongdoing. USADA should also be commended for investing tireless hours to bring this to justice and for protecting the whistleblowers that came forward. The case proves once again that bad actors are influencing athlete behaviors.
The Global Athlete Start-Up Group believe it is now time for sponsors to start caring more about athletes’ rights and well-being. Sponsors are the ones funding the multi-billion-dollar sport industry and they must have a duty of care to protect athletes competing in sport.