Martin, 40, failed to appear to provide a sample at the New Jersey Criterium Championships on May 18, 2014, in Evesham Township, N.J.
Failure to appear for testing is a violation of the applicable rules under the USADA Protocol for Olympic Movement Testing and the International Cycling Union (UCI) Anti-Doping Rules, both of which have adopted the World Anti-Doping Code and the World Anti-Doping Agency Prohibited List.
Martin’s two-year period of ineligibility began on August 15, 2014, the date the sanction was imposed. As a result of the violation, Martin has been disqualified from all competitive results achieved on and subsequent to May 18, 2014, including forfeiture of any medals, points, and prizes.
In the Anti-Doping Database we have registered 81 cases where an athlete has been sanctioned for violating this Anti-Doping Rule.
17 of the athletes are from the USA. That is more than twice as many as France in second place.
Track and field/Athletics is the sport with the most cases involving this rule violation. A total of 22 athletes in this sport has been sanctioned.